top of page
Search

Difference between IB and IGCSE

Updated: Apr 2, 2023

Before looking at the difference between IB and IGCSE, let’s briefly understand them and how they function.

IB or International Baccalaureate is not a particular curriculum, and it is an educational framework. The IGCSE is equivalent to the Middle Years Programme (MYP) provided by IB. Whereas, IGCSE or International General Certificate of Secondary Education is a certificate for grade 10, offered by the University of Cambridge International Examinations.


Let’s now have a look at some of the differences between these two:

  • Since the IB doesn’t provide a curriculum, the teachers are responsible for developing the whole curriculum, which should be in tune with the guidelines provided by IB to incorporate scientific knowledge, communication skills, scientific attitudes, etc. efficiently. On the other hand, IGCSE provides a fixed curriculum, giving an idea to the students what their course would be like.

  • Since IB doesn’t have a prescribed curriculum, it doesn’t have fixed textbooks that offer a lot of flexibility to the students. Only recommended readings are provided to students in IB, whereas IGCSE has both recommended readings and prescribed books.

  • IB gives an extensive range of subjects to the students. 2 languages and subjects from Humanities, Sciences, Mathematics, Arts, PE, and Technology. In IGCSE, the students are given around 70 topics to choose from. These are divided into five groups: Languages, Humanities, Sciences, Mathematics and Creative, Technical & Vocational.

  • Moreover, IGCSE is graded on an 8-point scale starting from A to G, with A being the highest. All the subjects have individual examinations that must be passed to receive IGCSE qualification for every subject. On the other hand, IB follows a 7-point scale system from 1-7, with 7 being the highest. And, there are no formal examinations in the IB program, the students are issued certificates that meet the required standards.

  • IB holds a more significant global presence than the IGCSE. IGCSE predominantly holds value in the United Kingdom and is growing in the U.S. along with these countries, IGCSE has a small presence in India and Switzerland. IB holds value globally in countries like the United Kingdom, U.S., Germany, Canada, Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Switzerland, etc.

  • Both the boards pay great attention to skill development, practical knowledge, and application of subjects rather than the student’s ability to memorize things and use that for examinations.

  • IB as well as IGCSE, both are demanding curriculums. More emphasis is laid on practical knowledge. The students are tested year-round to their final results and are strictly graded based on their performance.


In conclusion, Choosing between IB and IGCSE depends on factors such as student preferences, objectives, and location. IB offers a flexible framework with no fixed curriculum and a wide range of subjects, while IGCSE has a fixed curriculum with fewer subject choices. Both boards prioritize practical knowledge and skill development over memorization and have rigorous evaluation systems based on performance. While IB has a larger global presence, IGCSE is growing in some areas. Ultimately, the decision should be based on the student's individual needs and goals



We know and understand that the application process can be overwhelming; that's why we are here for you. The study abroad experts at Hello Study Global are there for you every step of the way. From the preparations for entrance exams to college applications, we will guide you to success.


Feel free to reach us at Hello Study Global.





48 views0 comments

Related Posts

See All

Comments