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What can you do with a STEM degree?

Updated: Mar 31, 2023



STEM(Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) programs are thriving and are also opening the gate to several different careers and promising opportunities. There are several STEM domains and competent fields. Most of the fields offer opportunities for greater specialisations.

To know what you can do with a STEM degree we have mentioned some of the most popular programs in STEM including career options, average salary and universities offering those courses.


1) MS Computer Science: It is the study of computer frameworks with a specialised and relevant procedure. Specialisations like Artificial Intelligence, Information Technology, ethical hacking etc are a few of the prominent fields that have been in huge demand. Computers being a one-stop remedy to modern problems, they are implicated in every single field today, be it software, engineering, biological research or financial markets.

The average salary of a computer scientist is 157,000 USD. Salaries range from 73,900 USD to 249,000 USD.


Career Options:

  • Computer and Information System Manager

  • Research Scientist

  • Network Architect

  • Software Development Engineer

  • Information Security Analyst


Universities offering this course:

  • Stanford University

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Carnegie Mellon University

  • University of California

  • Harvard University

2) MS Business Analytics: It is an interdisciplinary STEM graduate professional program that combines concepts from data science, statistics, business intelligence and computer science aimed towards retail applications. Graduates will understand the role of evidence-based data in decision making and influence data strategic possession.


The average salary of a Business Analyst is 80,954 USD. Salaries range from 64,000 USD to 103,000 USD.


Career Options:

  • Data Scientist

  • Financial Analyst

  • Data analyst

  • Management Analyst

  • Statistician


Universities offering this course:

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Arizona State University

  • University of Minnesota

  • Georgia Institute of Technology

  • The University of Texas at Austin



3) MS Data Sciences: Data science is an interdisciplinary arena that utilizes methods and concepts from mathematics, statistics, computer science, and information science. The curriculum comprises foundation courses and technical electives, contributing opportunities to compose knowledge and professional skills in various Data Science sectors that are highly demanded in the current job market.


The average salary of a Data Scientist is 91,954 USD. Salaries range from 67,000 USD to 120,000 USD.


Career Options:

  • Research Analyst

  • Data Analyst

  • Data Administrator

  • Data Architect

  • Data engineer


Universities offering this course:

  • Harvard University

  • Stanford University

  • Yale University

  • Columbia University

  • University of Pennsylvania



4) MS Material Science and Engineering: This program deals with the structural estimation of materials, the discovery of new material entities and their application to several enterprises. It focuses on stimulating study and research in the advancement of new materials for the next generation of engineering applications viz biomaterials, nanomaterials, ceramics, metals, polymers, and electronic materials.


The average salary of a material engineer is 82,374 USD. Salaries range from 64,000 USD to 110,000 USD.


Career Options:

  • Technical Sales Engineer

  • Research Scientist(Physical Sciences)

  • Product Development Scientist

  • Metallurgist

  • Materials Engineer


Universities offering this course:

  • University of California, Berkeley

  • University of California, Los Angeles

  • Columbia University

  • Texas A&M University

  • The University of Arizona



5) MS Information Management System:

A Master's degree in Management Information Systems is structured to equip students for challenging careers encompassing the layout, estimation, execution and operation of computer-based information systems. Students in this program complete a set of MIS foundation classes that covers subjects such as project management, supervision of technology, business intelligence, electronic business, and social and organisational matters associated with information systems.


The average salary for an MS Information and Management System graduate is around 86,000 USD.


Career Options:

  • Content Strategist

  • Data Analyst

  • Database Developer

  • Information Architect

  • IT Project Manager


Universities offering this course:

  • University of Washington

  • Carnegie Mellon University

  • University of California

  • New York University

  • Florida State University



6) Petroleum Engineering: This program teaches students how to handle and work out critical crises that can lead to energy security. If you will pursue a bachelor's degree in this program, you will learn how to assess potential oil and gas reservoirs, oversee drilling activities, and design surface collection and treatment facilities. Since numerous petroleum firms operate around the globe, this major can give you an extra edge to travel and figure out various technical, political, and financial issues in different countries.


The average salary of a petroleum engineer is 97,100 USD per annum. Salaries range from 45,600 USD to 153,000 USD.


Career options:

  • Drilling Engineer

  • Production Engineer

  • Chief Petroleum Engineer

  • Offshore Drilling Engineer

  • Reservoir Engineer


Universities offering this course:

  • Stanford University

  • The University of Texas at Austin

  • Colorado School of Mines

  • University of Houston

  • Texas Tech University



7) Computer Engineering: With the evolution of computers into all elements of our daily life, computer engineering is known as the pulling factor behind most of the recent technologies in the modern world. It is primarily concerned with the innovation of gadgets and systems that process data. In the workplace, you can be required to keep up to speed with the latest software systems.


The average salary of a computer engineer is 91,900 USD per annum. Salaries range from 45,900 USD to 142,000 USD.


Career options:

  • Software Developer

  • Full Stack Software Developer

  • Data Scientist

  • Cyber Security Specialist


Universities offering this course:

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • University of Michigan

  • Stanford University

  • Columbia University

  • University of California, Berkeley



8) Microbiological Sciences and Immunology: It is a great option for students who are interested in studying contagious diseases and would like to be involved in administering clinical trials for new drugs. This program includes courses like infections disease, medical microbiology, immunology etc. This program has also made its entry among the best majors in the STEM list.


The average salary of a microbiologist is 206,000 USD per annum. Salaries range from 107,000 USD to 315,000 USD.


Career options:

  • Microbiologist

  • Immunologist

  • Mycologist

  • Professor/Lecturer

  • Clinical Research Scientist


Universities offering this course:

  • Harvard University

  • University of California, Berkeley

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • University of Washington

  • University of Pennsylvania



9) Aerospace Engineering: It is a branch of engineering that provides techniques and knowledge to structure, manufacture and sustain spacecraft, missiles etc. A significant portion of this course comprises Mechanical Engineering covers a broad spectrum of topics involving structures, mathematics, physics, robotics, aeronautics etc.


The average salary of an aerospace engineer is 128,000 USD per annum. Salaries range from 64,100 USD to 199,000 USD.


Career Options:

  • Aircraft/Spacecraft designer

  • Military Aerospace Engineer

  • Data Processing Manager

  • Aerospace Technician

  • Mission or Payload Specialist


Universities offering this course:

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • University of Michigan

  • Stanford University

  • Georgia Institute of Technology

  • California Institute of Technology



10) Management Science: In this program, students concentrate on the layout and management of sophisticated operations. You will get to discover how to use quantitative tools and qualitative methods to explore a wide arrangement of strategic and logistical issues. This is one of the STEM degrees that brings a fair proportion of flexibility in terms of working in a variety of enterprises.


The average salary of a Management Science graduate is 65,381 USD per annum. However, the highest salary is at 75,935 USD.


Career options:

  • Business training manager

  • Compensation and Benefits Manager

  • Entrepreneur

  • Employee relations manager

  • Business Analyst


Universities offering this course:

  • University of Pennsylvania

  • University of California San Diego

  • The University of Texas at Dallas

  • University of Illinois Chicago

  • University of Maryland


Without a doubt, STEM degree holders tend to enjoy many perks and overall career growth. It empowers an individual's critical thinking skills and also boosts curiosity.


We hope this was helpful.


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Best of luck with your future endeavours!